CA Department of Motor Vehicles History
How it all Started
Just before the turn of the century a new mode of transportation was seen and heard on the California landscape. It made an enormous racket like a rapidly popping string of firecrackers. It spewed smoke and stirred giant clouds of dust. It thrilled youngsters of the day and frightened animals. Some referred to it as a "horseless carriage." Others called it an "automobile."
It was to have a more profound and greater impact upon the state than any other single invention. It would eventually intrude into all California life causing deep and lasting changes.
California's first half century of automobile legislation portrays a people striving to understand and to cope with their new motor car environment. Essentially, Californians were anxious to police motorists and protect themselves with a formidable barrier of "rules of the road."
Initial Registration & Licensing
In 1901, California laws authorized cities and counties to license bicycles, tricycles, automobile carriages, carts, and similar wheeled vehicles. By 1905, this task was transferred to the Secretary of State for a more statewide and uniform vehicle registration system.
Owners paid a $2 fee and were issued a circular tag that had to be conspicuously displayed in the vehicle. In addition, they had to display the license number on the rear of the vehicle in 3-inch-high black letters on a white background. Some owners also painted numbers on headlamp lenses. Vehicle registration prerequisites included satisfactory lamps, good brakes, and either a bell or a horn.
The secretary of state handled vehicle registrations from 1905 until 1913 when the legislature gave the task to the state treasurer. At the same time, the Engineering Department (predecessor of the Department of Public Works and forerunner of today's Department of Transportation) became custodian of vehicle records.
The first Department of Motor Vehicles was created in 1915 with enactment of Senator E.S. Birdsall's "Vehicle Act of 1915." Vehicle registrations that year had climbed to 191,000.
In 1921, the powers and duties of the Department of Motor Vehicles were transferred to the Division of Motor Vehicles, part of the newly created Department of Finance. The move reflected recognition of the division's revenue producing status.
In 1931, the DMV became a stand-alone state department and has remained in this status to the present day.