Vehicle Code Appendix B List of Violations Division 12 Equipment of Vehicles

Types of Violations
C – Civil
F – Felony
I – Infraction
M – Misdemeanor

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This section, excepting entries for Occupational Licensing and Business Regulation (Div.5), is provided by the California Highway Patrol as an informational guide only and is not intended to supplant sections of the vehicle code enacted into law. The following list has not been codified and does not carry the force or effect of statute.

Types of convictions received for violation of certain sections of Division 12 of the Vehicle Code.
Type VC Section Violation
I24002(a)Unsafe condition of vehicle, load or equipment presenting immediate safety hazard.
I24002(b)Vehicle not properly equipped.
M24002.5Unsafe condition of a farm labor vehicle that presents an immediate safety hazard.
I24003Unlawful lights, other than those required or permitted.
I24004Unlawful operation, after notice by peace officer.
I24005Unlawful equipment, selling, offering for sale, installing or replacing with.
I24005.5Sale of synthetic rope or webbing not certified to CHP.
I24006Unapproved equipment, selling or offering for sale.
I24007(a)Dealer selling vehicle not in compliance with code.
I24007(b)Any person selling vehicle not in compliance with smog requirements.
I24007.5(a)Auctioneer, or public agency, vehicle not in compliance with code.
I24007.5(b)Auctioneer, or public agency, notify bidder that certificate of compliance required.
I24007.5(c)Auctioneer, or public agency, surrender certificates of registration and ownership, and plates to DMV.
I24007.5(d)Auctioneer, or public agency, provide bill of sale and license plate number.
I24008Passenger vehicle or commercial vehicle under 6,000 lbs., clearance modified to less than rim height.
I24008.5(a)Maximum frame height of vehicle less than 10,000 pounds, operation prohibited.
I24009Dealer, sale of new truck, truck tractor or bus without ID plate and GVW rating.
I24010(a)Vehicle rental; necessary equipment, conform to safety standards mechanically safe and sound.
I24010(b)Vehicle rental; vehicle not in compliance.
I24010(c)Vehicle rental agreement to include specified information.
I24011Sale of vehicle or equipment not in compliance with federal standards or not properly marked.
M24011.3(a)Manufacturer sticker affixed to passenger vehicle-bumper strength notice.
I24012Lighting equipment or devices, failure to comply with mounting requirements.
I24013Seller to inform buyer of minimum fuel octane rating.
I24013.5(a)Light duty trucks, dealers not affixing pricing information.
I24014(a)Dealer offering motorcycle for sale without label indicating price.
I24014(b)Dealer offering motorcycle for sale without specified information on label.
I24015(a)Motorized bicycle: comply with National Motor Vehicle Act.
I24015(b)Motorized bicycle: mirror and muffler.
I24016(b)(1)Motorized bicycle; operation without properly fitted and fastened bicycle helmet.
I24016(b)(4)Motorized bicycle; operation by person under 16 years of age.
I24016(b)(5)Motorized bicycle; manufacturer shall certify compliance with equipment and manufacturing requirements for bicycles.
I24016(c)Motorized bicycle; tampering with or modifying to increase speed capability.
I 24017 Public transit bus, shall be equipped with a working speedometer.
I24018(a)Public transit bus, shall be equipped with a two-way communication device.
I24250Driving without lights during darkness.
I24252(a)Lighting equipment of required type, maintain in good working order.
I24252(b)Voltage of required lamps to be 85% of design voltage.
I   24252(c)     Combined lamps, reflectors shall meet department specifications.
(1) Turn signal shall not be combined with stop lamp. (Certain exceptions.)
(2) Clearance lamps shall not be combined with tail or identification lamps.
I24253(a)Adequate battery required on motor vehicle first registered after 1/1/70.
I24253(b)Adequate battery required on motorcycles first registered after 1/1/70.
I24255(a)Infrared lighting equipment violation.
I24255(b)Operation of infrared lighting system without use of headlights.
I 24400(a)Equipped with headlamps, height 22 to 54 inches.
  24400(b)Operated during darkness, inclement weather, or both.
I24401Parked vehicle, with lights on high beam.
I24402(a)Auxiliary driving lamps; two maximum, height 16 to 42 inches. Cannot be lighted with lower beam.
I24402(b)Auxiliary passing lamps; two maximum, height 24 to 42 inches.
I24403Fog lamps on vehicles other than motorcycle, number 2, height 12 to 30 inches, properly adjusted. On motorcycle height of 12 to 40 inches, properly adjusted.
I24404(a)Spotlamps, number 2, not substituted for headlamps, white only.
I24404(b)Spotlamps, exceeding 32 c.p. or glaring light ahead.
I24404(c)Spotlamps, improper use on highway.
I24404(e)Spotlamps, directed to illuminate moving vehicle.
I24405(a)Forward lamps, not to exceed 4 lighted.
I24406Dimmer switch, driver unable to select proper light distribution.
I24407(a)High beam, project at least 350 feet.
I24407(b)Low beam, project at least 100 feet without glare.
I24408(a)High beam indicator required.
I24408(b)Readily visible, not to exceed 2 c.p. or show to front or sides when on exterior.
I24409(a)Failure to dim, within 500 feet of approaching vehicle.
I24409(b)Failure to dim, within 300 feet of overtaken vehicle.
I24410(a)Single beam, proper adjustment.
I24410(b)Single beam, project at least 200 feet.
I24411Off-highway lamps: more than allowed, not mounted properly, not covered, or used when operated on the highway.
I24600(a)Taillamp-one required all such vehicles.
I24600(b)Taillamp-two all vehicles manufactured after 1/1/58, except motorcycles, trailers and semitrailers less than 30 inches wide.
I24600(c)Taillamp-two all vehicles subject to 22406a.
I24600(d)Taillamp-when two required, must have one on left, one on right side at same level.
I24600(e)Taillamp-red, visible 500 ft., vehicle manufactured after 1/1/69 visible 1,000 ft.
I24600(f)Taillamp-must be mounted 15 to 72 inches on vehicles manufactured after 1/1/69. Additional lamps allowed on tow truck masts.
I24601License plate light, render clearly visible from 50 feet.
I24602(a)Not more than 2 red fog taillamps mounted on rear when visibility less than 500 feet.
I24602(b)Fog taillamps; mounted as close as practical to sides, between 15 and 60 inches, 4 inches from stoplamp, wired properly, with switch, with nonflashing amber pilot light.
I24603(a)Stoplamps-every vehicle must be equipped with one or more.
I24603(b)Stop lamps-two required, vehicles manufactured after 1/1/58 (except motorcycles, trailers and semitrailers less than 30 inches wide).
I24603(c)Stoplamps-mounted 15 to 72 inches on vehicles manufactured after 1/1/69. Additional lamps allowed on tow truck masts.
I24603(d)Stoplamps-when two required one must be on left, one on right at same level.
I24603(e)Stoplamps-red or amber, visible 300 ft., vehicles of size requiring clearance lamps must be visible 500 ft.
I24603(f)Must be activated by foot brakes and by hand valve for power brakes. May be activated by sudden release of accelerator. Manual transmission; mechanical device to activate stoplamps.
I24603(g)Supplemental stoplamps installed after January 1, 1979, shall be red and mounted not lower than 15 inches above roadway.
I24604Projecting load, 4 feet to rear, 2 red lights at night, 12" red or fluorescent orange flag otherwise.
I24605(a)Tow truck or dismantler’s tow vehicle, carry stop and taillamp with extension cord.
I24605(b)Tow truck or dismantler’s tow vehicle, display tail and stop lamp on rear of disabled vehicle.
I24606(a)Backup lamp required on vehicles subject to registration manufactured after 1/1/69.
I24606(b)Backup lamp white only, beam not over 75 ft. to rear.
I24606(c)Backup lamp used other than when backing.
I24606(d)Vehicle may be equipped with supplemental backup lamps, lighted only with backup lights.
I24607(a)Reflectors, every vehicle must have one, visible 350 to 100 ft. with upper beams.
I24607(b)Reflectors, every vehicle manufactured and first registered after 1/1/65, except motorcycles, low speed vehicles, trailers and semitrailers less than 30 inches wide, must have two.
I24607(c)Reflectors, motortruck with unladen weight of 5,000 lbs., trailer coach, vehicle at end of combination, vehicles 80 inches or more wide manufactured after 1/1/69, must have two visible 600 ft. to 100 ft. with upper beams.
I24607(d)Reflectors, when more than one required, one must be on right, one on left at same level. Additional reflectors may be mounted at any height. Additional reflectors allowed on tow cars.
I24608(a)Reflectors, motortrucks, semitrailers, buses 80" wide manufactured after 1/1/68, must have amber reflector on each side at front, red reflector on each side at rear.
I24608(b)Reflectors, such vehicles 30 ft. or more in length shall have amber reflector on each side at midpoint.
I24608(c)Reflectors, on sides must be mounted 15 to 60 inches. Additional reflectors may be mounted at any height.
I24608(d)Reflectors required or permitted by (a) and (b) must be visible 600 ft. to 1,000 ft. with upper beam.
I24609Reflectors, white or amber on front to be mounted 15 to 60 inches. Reflectors/lights amber in color on a school bus, mounted on the left and right sides at equal height.
I24610Reflectors, button type to contain not less than 7 units with total area of not less than 3 sq. inches.
I24612Trailers/semitrailers of specified width/weight to be equipped with conspicuity system pursuant to federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 108 (49 C.F.R. 571.108).
I24615Slow-moving vehicle emblem, vehicles designed and operated 25 mph or less.
I24616Vehicles allowed one/two rear-facing auxiliary lamps meeting specified lamp/mounting standards.
I24800Parking lights, driving with, unless headlamps also lighted.
I24950Trailer coach, turn signal lamps required.
I24951(b)(1)Turn signals required, passenger vehicles, trucks, truck tractors, buses manufactured and first registered after 1/1/58.
I24951(b)(2)Turn signals required, trailers and semitrailers manufactured and first registered between 12/31/57 and 1/1/69.
I24951(b)(3)Turn signals required, trailers and semitrailers 80 inches or more in width manufactured after 1/1/69.
I24951(b)(4)Turn signals required on motorcycles manufactured and first registered after 1/1/73. Except motor- driven cycles whose speed attainable in one mile is 30 mph or less.
I24951(c)Turn signals on vehicles manufactured after 1/1/69, 15-inch minimum height.
I24952Turn signal lamps, clearly visible 300 feet front and rear (500 feet for vehicles with clearance lamps).
I24953(a)Turn signal lamps, white or amber to front, red or amber to rear.
I24953(b)Side-mounted turn signals, mounted to rear of center must be red.
I24953(d)Side-view mirror-mounted turnsignals: Must flash in unison with car mounted signals, must be visible only from the rear and not visible to the driver, except for visual indicator.
I25100(a)Vehicle over 80 inches: (1) clearance lamps; 1 amber each side on front, 1 red each side on rear. (2) Side-marker lamps; 1 amber each side near front, 1 red each side near rear. (3) 1 amber each side near center if trailer over 30 feet. (4) 1 amber sidemarker midpoint of multipurpose passenger vehicles, motor trucks, buses 30 ft. in length manufactured after 1/1/69.
I25100(b)Vehicle over 80 inches not equipped under (a): (1) Truck tractor, 1 amber clearance lamp each side on front of cab or sleeper, amber side-marker lamps OK on sides. (2) Truck tractor manufactured and first registered after 1/1/69, one amber side marker on each side near front. (3) Pole or logging dolly, 1 red combination clearance and side-marker lamp each side. (4) Vehicles (except tractors) over 80 inches for 3 feet or less: if near front, 1 amber combination lamp each side; if near rear, 1 red combination lamp each side. (5) Driveaway-towaway towing vehicle: 1 amber clearance lamp each side on front, 1 amber side- marker lamp each side near front. (6) driveaway- towaway towed vehicle: 1 amber side-marker each side of intermediate vehicles; 1 red side-marker lamp each side and 1 red clearance lamp near each side on rearmost vehicle.
I25100(c)Loads over 80 inches extending beyond side: 1 amber combination lamp on side at front and red combination lamp on side at rear. If projecting load not over 3 feet front to rear: 1 amber combination lamp on side if load near front, 1 red combination lamp on side if near rear of vehicle.
I25100(e)Visibility requirements.
I25100(f)Mounting requirements-required positions.
I25102Side lamps, recessed, not to exceed 2 c.p. or use color red.
I25103(a)Projecting load to left, amber light to front and rear.
I25103(b)Projecting load to left, amber light to front, red light to rear if projection exceeds 120 inches.
I25104Overwidth vehicles, display 12 inch red or fluorescent orange flag, left front and rear.
I25105(a)Running board lamps, 6 c.p., white or green without glare.
I25105(b)Door-mounted lamps or reflectors, 6 c.p., red.
I25105(c)Entrance/exit exterior lamps lighted only when vehicle motionless, lamp not to exceed 32 c.p. or 30 watts.
I25106(a)Front cowl or fender lamps, white or amber; 1 amber side lamp near front, 1 red side lamp near rear, 4 c.p. maximum.
I25106(b)Lamps installed within 24 inches of rear shall be red; all other locations amber.
I25107Cornering lamps, not over 2, to reveal objects while turning.
I25108(a)Exterior signal indicator lamps, amber, properly mounted, not exceeding 5 c.p., at night or 15 c.p. day.
I25108(b)Pilot indicators; steady burning, lighted lens area of not more than 3/4 of an inch, no more than 5 c.p., and not red.
I25108(d)Tow vehicle equipped with exterior mounted pilot lamp for antilock braking system; readily visible, not more than 5 c.p., shall not show to sides or rear, not red. Lamp for antilock braking system shall not allow to show to sides, must comply with FMVSS.
I25109Running lamps, 2 on front, white or amber, not lighted at night.
I25110(b)Utility flood or loading lamps. Improper use of such devices.
I25250Flashing lights prohibited, exceptions listed.
I25251(b)Disabled vehicle on roadway, failure to activate flashing signal lamps.
I25252Authorized emergency vehicle, red lamp required.
I25252.5(a)Authorized emergency vehicles-flashing headlamps prohibited during darkness.
I25252.5(c)Flashing headlamps permitted only (1) during emergency call or when in pursuit; (2)when red warning light displayed and siren is sounded.
I25253(a)Tow trucks, flashing amber warning lights required; exemptions.
I25253(c)A tow truck shall not display flashing amber warning lights unless an unusual traffic hazard or extreme hazard exists.
I25254Marshal’s cars: misuse of flashing amber warning lamp.
I25257(a)Schoolbus, flashing red signal system required.
I25257(b)(1)Schoolbus manufactured on or after 9/1/92, stop signal arm required.
I25257(b)(2)Schoolbus manufactured on or after 7/1/93, amber warning light system required.
I25257.2Schoolbus transporting developmentally disabled, unlawful use of flashing red light signal, amber light signal system, and stop signal arm.
I25259(c)Authorized emergency vehicles-not more than 2 flashing white lights to the front mounted above roofline and 2 below roofline.
I25259.1(c)Disaster service worker, must cover or remove flashing amber lights when not in use.
I25259.5American National Red Cross, flashing amber warning lights on other than emergency or disaster service vehicles.
I25260.4Amber warning lights on hazardous substance spill response vehicle must be covered when not engaged in a cleanup.
I25262Armored cars, misuse of red light.
I25265Warning lights on sanitation vehicles not to be lighted when vehicle in motion.
I25266State aqueduct vehicle: misuse of flashing amber warning lamp.
I25268Flashing amber warning lights, improper use.
I25269Red warning lights, improper use.
I25270Pilot cars and vehicles: improper use of or failure to cover amber warning lamps.
I25270.5Livestock herding vehicles, misuse of flashing amber warning lamps.
I25275Improper display of amber flashing lights on truck tractor in the absence of unusual traffic hazard.
I25275.5Improper use of flashing crime lights by bus driver.
I25276(a)Improper use of warning lamps by vehicle used to transport handicapped or mentally retarded.
I25279(b)Private security vehicle; misuse of flashing amber lights; distinctively marked on rear and two sides.
I25279(d)Private security vehicle; flashing amber warning system installed without written authorization of CHP.
I25281Water tender vehicles; misuse of flashing amber lights.
I25300(a)Warning devices required on vehicles subject to 25100 and any truck tractor.
I25300(b)Display, when truck or any trailer disabled on roadway.
I25300(c)Display, when parked or disabled within 10 ft. of roadway during darkness.
I25300(e)Display continuously during darkness, if disabled on roadway or parked within 10 ft.
I25301(a)Utility vehicles, failure to display proper warning devices during daylight.
I25301(b)Utility vehicles, failure to display proper warning device during darkness.
I25305(a)Fusee used on highway.
I25305(b)Unlawful to use other than red fusee.
I25350Noncompliance with Vehicle Code Standards for illuminated identification signs.
I25351(a)Commercial vehicles and vehicles 80 inches or more in width; ID lamps front or rear but front not below windshield.
I25351(b)Vehicles manufactured prior to 1/1/68; ID lamps amber, green or white to front; red to rear.
I25351(c)ID lamps, vehicles manufactured after 1/1/68, may exhibit only amber to front and red to rear.
I25351(d)ID lamps unlawful on passenger vehicles.
I25352(a)Devices affecting traffic control signals on buses visible light not to exceed an average of .0003 candela per flash.
I25352(b)Public transit bus using signal sequence changing device on other than authorized routes.
I25352(c)Failure to give emergency vehicles priority in changing traffic control signals.
I 25353(a)Public transit buses, light and sign regulations.
I 25353.1 City of Santa Monica public transit buses light and sign violations.
I 25354 UC Irvine transit buses light and sign violations.
I25400(a)Exterior lamp or device not to emit light of more than .05 candela per square inch of area.
I25400(b)Diffused light, no red to front or interference with required lamps.
I25400(c)Diffused light, 720 sq. inches maximum, rental use limited.
I25400(d)Internally illuminated sign, no white background.
I25401Diffused light on vehicle, resembling official traffic control device.
I25452Acetylene headlamps, emitting glaring light.
I25500(a)Reflectorizing material, resembling or conflicting with any warning device or signal.
I25650Motorcycle’s headlamps, one required, two permitted.
I25650.5Motorcycle have lighted headlamp if manufactured after 1/1/78.
I25651(a)Motor driven cycle headlamps, reveal person 100 ft. \@ 25 mph, 200 ft. up to 35 mph, 300 ft. over 35 mph.
I25651(c)Motor driven cycle, single beam headlamp adjustment.
I25803(a)All other vehicles, display white light front, red to rear, visible 500 ft.
I25803(b)All other vehicles, also display reflectors, amber left front and red left rear, height 16 to 60 inches, visible 500 feet.
I25803(c)All other vehicles over 100 inch width, display on left extremity amber light at night, a red flag otherwise.
I25805Forklift trucks, not equipped with required lights when towed upon highway.
I25950(a)Front lights and reflectors, white or amber unless specifically permitted.
I25950(b)Rear lights and reflectors, red unless specifically permitted.
I25951Front lights, adjustment of beam for other than driving lights.
I25952(a)Lamps, reflectors on load, failure to comply with mounting regulations.
I25952(b)Lamps on vehicle carried as load unlawfully lighted.
I 26100(a)Lighting equipment or devices, selling or using unapproved type.
I 26100(b) Driving with lighting equipment or devices of an unapproved type.
I 26101(a)Lights or devices, selling or using unapproved modifying devices.
I 26101(b) Lights or devices, operating a vehicle while using unapproved modifying devices.
I26301Power brakes required on new motor vehicles 14,000 lbs. Two stage actuators less than 18,000 lbs.
I26301.5Passenger vehicles manufactured after 1/1/73, except motorcycles, required to have dual master cylinder.
I26302(a)Brakes required on semi trailer over 6,000 gross.
I26302(b)Brakes required on semi or trailer over 3,000 gross manufactured after Jan. 1, 1966.
I26302(c)Brakes required on all wheels of trailer or semitrailer manufactured after January 1, 1982, and equipped with air brakes.
I26302(d)Brakes on trailers or semitrailers must be adequate to supplement brakes on towing vehicle.
I26303Brakes required, in trailer coaches over 1,500 gross.
I26304(a)Breakaway device, required on certain trailers or semitrailers.
I26304(b)Breakaway device, required for trucks or truck tractors in combination.
I26307Brakes required on forklift truck manufactured after 1/1/70, when towed upon highway.
I26311(a)Brakes required on all wheels of motor vehicles; exceptions.
I26311(b)Reduced braking to front wheels by manual means permitted only under adverse weather conditions.
I26450Brake systems, both service and parking required on motor vehicles.
I26451(a)Parking brake, adequate for load and grade.
I26451(b)Parking brake, separate means of application.
I26451(c)Parking brake held solely by mechanical means.
I26452Brakes on motor vehicle, adequate to stop vehicle after motor failure.
I26453Brake system defective, not in good working order or proper adjustment.
I26454(a)Service brakes, adequate for load and grade.
I26454(b)Service brake stopping distance requirements:
(1) Passenger vehicle, 25 ft. \@ 20 mph.
(2) Single vehicle under 10,000 lbs., or any bus, 30 ft. \@ 20 mph.
(3) Vehicles in (1) or (2) in combination, 40 ft. \@ 20 mph.
(4) Single vehicle over 10,000 lbs. or any bus, 40 ft. \@ 20 mph.
(5) All other combinations, 50 ft. \@ 20 mph.
I26456Brake tests in excess of 25 mph prohibited.
I26457Certain vehicles, 32 ft. \@ 15 mph, or not exceed speed permitting stop within 32 ft.
I26458(a)Single control, if motor vehicle or combo required to be equipped with power brakes.
I26458.5Additional control to operate the brakes on a trailer shall not be used in lieu of the service brake.
I26502(a)Airbrakes capable of full service application, deliver 90 percent of reservoir pressure.
I26503Safety valve, properly installed, adjusted and maintained.
I26504Air governor, adjust within CHP regulations.
I26505Pressure gauge required, maintain good condition, legible at all times.
I26506(a)Airbrakes, required warning system.
I26506(b)Airbrake warning device readily visible or audible with continuous warning.
I26507Check valve, properly installed and properly maintained.
I26508Vehicles using compressed air to apply service brakes shall meet following requirements:
a. Motor or towed vehicle, must have emergency stopping system.
b. Motor vehicle combo, both manual and automatic means to actuate emergency system of towed vehicle.
e. Service brake and emergency system: failure of 1 system not to affect other.
f. Emergency system, manually applied, released, and reapplied from driver’s seat.
g. Service brake air failure, vehicle not to be driven.
h. Emergency system, must not increase stopping distance, nor interfere with service brake operation.
i. Energy-storing device, operating requirements.
j. Axle-by-axle protection system, separate air tank each axle or each valve.
k. Stopping distance requirements.
o. Owner instruct driver-driver able to demonstrate operation.
I26520Vacuum gauge, accurate and visible.
I26521Warning device, audible or visible, operate 8 inches mercury.
I26522Check valve, between vacuum source and reserve.
I26700(a)Windshields, required on passenger vehicle, trucks and fire apparatus.
I26701(a)Safety glazing material, required wherever glass is used.
I26701(b)Safety glazing material in campers, manufactured Jan. 1, 1968. Also in internal partitions and openings in the roof.
I26701(c)Safety glazing material, MC windshields manufactured after 1-1-69
I26701(d)Prohibits red, blue or amber translucent aftermarket material in partitions, windows, windshields of motor vehicles.
I26701(e)Safety glazing material in windows, doors, interior partitions, openings in roof of towed trailer coach.
I26703(a)Safety glazing material, replacing with other than.
I26703(b)Safety glazing material, replacing with anything other than.
I26705Motorcycle windshield, after 1/1/69, unlawful to sell unless contains safety glazing material.
I26706(a)Windshield wipers, required on all motor vehicles (except motorcycles).
I26706(b)Windshield wipers, two required vehicle first registered January 1, 1950.
I26707Windshield wipers, maintain good condition, use when necessary.
I 26708(a)(1) A person shall not drive any motor vehicle with any object or material placed, displayed, installed, affixed, or applied upon the windshield or side or rear windows.
I 26708(a)(2) A person shall not drive any motor vehicle with any object or material placed, displayed, installed, affixed, or applied in or upon the vehicle that obstructs or reduces the driver’s clear view through the windshield or side windows.
I 26708(a)(3) A person shall not drive any motor vehicle when the driver’s clear vision through the windshield, side or rear windows, are obstructed by snow or ice.
I 26708(b)(13)(B) Failure to post notice in of video recording in visible location.
I 26708(b)(13)(C) Storing more that 30 seconds of video either before or after a triggering event.
I 26708(b)(13)(F) Failure to provide unedited copies to employees/representatives free of charge within 5 days of request
I26708.2Sunscreen devices shall be removable.
I26708.5Application of transparent material to windows.
I26709(a)Rear view mirror, required on all motor vehicles subject to registration; two on motor vehicle subject to Calif. registration, with one on lefthand side.
I26709(b)Two side-view mirrors, required on certain vehicles or combos.
I26710Defective windshield or rear window, impairing driver’s view, correct within 48 hours.
I26711Sun visor required on bus or trolley coach, except pre-60 in urban service.
I26712Adequate defroster required, for-hire passenger vehicle.
I27000(a)Horn required in good working order, audible within 200 feet but shall not emit unreasonably harsh or loud sound.
I27000(b)Garbage and refuse trucks, equipped with automatic backup alarm that sounds immediately upon backing or equipped with an automatic backup device that immediately applies the service brake on contact with any obstruction to the rear.
I 27000(d)(1) Construction vehicle with a (GVWR) in excess of 14,000 pounds must be equipped with automatic backup audible alarm that sounds on backing up.
I27001(a)Shall use horn when reasonably necessary.
I27001(b)Use of horn, only as reasonably necessary.
I27002Siren, vehicle illegally equipped with or used on, or unapproved type.
I27003Armored car, misuse of siren.
I27007Outside speakers, except to warn of hazard or request assistance.
I27150(a)Mufflers, vehicle subject to registration not equipped with, or emitting excessive noise.
I27150(b)Mufflers, off-highway passenger vehicle not equipped with, or emitting excessive noise. Exceptions.
M27150.1Exhaust system, sale, offering for sale, or installing system, including non-original exhaust equipment, not in compliance with CHP regulation.
M27150.1Exhaust system, sale, offering for sale, or installing system, including non-original exhaust equipment, not in compliance with regulations and standards.
I27150.3"Whistle-tips", shall not operate/modify exhaust system with a whistle tip, nor engage in the business of installing a whistle tip onto an exhaust system.
I27151Exhaust systems, modified to exceed 95 decibels (vehicles under 6000 GVWR, except motorcycles). Exhaust system, modified to amplify or increase noise (vehicles 6000 GVWR & above, and motorcycles).
I27152Exhaust pipes, directed to side between 2 to 11 ft.
I27153Exhaust products, excessive smoke, flame or residue.
I27153.5(a)New vehicle registered after 1/1/71, cannot discharge from exhaust more than 10 seconds. (1) Excess of No. 1 on Ringelmann chart. (2) Smoke equal to opacity of No. 1 Ringelmann.
I27153.5(b)Vehicle sold prior to 1/1/71, limited to (1) No. 2 on Ringelmann chart. (2) Smoke equal to opacity of No. 2 Ringelmann.
I27154Exhaust system, not maintained in gas tight condition.
I27155Fuel tank caps required, of noncombustible material.
I27156(a)Gross Polluter, operated or left standing on a highway.
I27156(b)Smog Device, vehicle not equipped with device when required, or device has been disconnected or modified.
I27156(c)Smog device; shall not install, sell, offer for sale, or advertise any device which modifies pollution control device or system.
I27156(f)Smog Device, continued operation in violation after notice by peace officer.
I27158Motor vehicle smog device unlawful to operate after 30 days following notification by traffic officer. (Except 1955-1965 year models)
I27158.5Motor vehicle smog device, unlawful to operate after 30 days following notice by peace officer (1955-1965 year model vehicles only).
I27200(d)No person shall sell or offer for sale a motor vehicle not in compliance with noise standards.
I27200(e)No person shall sell or offer for sale a motor vehicle not in compliance with noise standards.
I 27202.1 A person shall not park, use, or operate a motorcycle registered in this state that does not bear the federal exhaust system label. Applicable to motorcycles manufactured on or after January 1, 2013.
I27302Safety belts, selling approved type.
I27304Driver training vehicle, seat belts not installed or not in use.
I27305Firefighting vehicles, publicly owned, seat belts for all personnel.
I27314(a)Dealer, selling 1962 or later used car without safety belts.
I27314(b)Dealer selling 1968 vehicle without belt for each passenger position.
I27314(c)Seatbelts to comply with CHP regulations.
I27314.5(a)Dealer selling or offering for sale 1972 to 1990 vehicle without seatbelt warning affixed to vehicle.
I27314.5(b)Dealer to affix notice, if supplied as specified, to rear seat lap belt of used 1972 to 1990 model vehicles.
I27315(d)(1)Driver not seatbelted.
I27315(d)(3) Driver of limousine and emergency vehicle, operator and passengers are properly seatbelted.
I 27315(d)(4) Driver of taxicab shall not operate vehicle unless all front seat passengers are properly seat belted.
I27315(e)Passenger over 16 years restrained by safety belt.
I27315(f)Motor vehicle safety belts maintained in good working order.
I27315.3(b)Requires law enforcement agencies to maintain safety belts in good working order.
I27316.5(a)Type II School Pupil Activity Bus shall be equipped with passenger restraint system at all seating positions.
M27317 No person shall install, reinstall, rewire, tamper with, alter or modify a vehicle computer system or supplemental restraint system to falsely indicate that it is in working order, or distribute or sell any previously deployed air bag.
I27360(a) Unlawful for a parent, legal guardian, or driver to permit a child less than eight years old to be transported by a vehicle without a child passenger restraint system, and requires the child to be secured in the rear seat except specified circumstances.
I27360(b)Makes it unlawful for any driver to transport a child by vehicle without a child passenger seat restraint system not applicable to driver if parent or guardian present.
I27360.5Children less than 6 years of age and who weighs 60 pounds transported upon a highway, in a motor vehicle, without proper child restraint system.
I 27360.5(a) Children between the ages 8 and 16 years of age transported upon a highway, in a motor vehicle, without proper child restraint system.
M27362(a)Selling an unimproved child passenger seat restraint system.
I27362.1(a)No person shall sell or offer for sell a child passenger restraint system that was in use during a traffic collision.
M27363.5(a) Hospitals, clinics, and birthing centers are required to provide to the parents or to the person whom a child is released, information on child passenger restraint systems, safety belts, and the transportation of children in rear seats if a released child is less than eight years of age.
I27365(a)Rental car agencies required to inform customers of child restraint requirements.
I27365(b)Car rental agencies to provide child passenger restraint system.
I 27375(a) Operating a limousine without specified door and window exits that open from the inside.
I 27375(b) Failure of limousine driver to unlock doors during fire or other emergency for passengers.
I 27375(c)(1) Failure of owner or operator to instruct passengers on safety features, lowering partition, and communicating with driver, prior to beginning any trip.
I 27375(c)(2) Failure to disclose to contracting party and passengers whether the limousine meets safety requirements.
I 27375 (c) (3) Failure of owner or operator of a limousine to disclose to contracting party or passengers that the limousine does not meet safety requirements regarding vehicle escape options, despite an exempt status.
I27400Wearing headset which covers both ears.
I27450(a)Solid tire, 3 to 6 inches wide, thickness one inch.
I27450(b)Solid tire, 6 to 9 inches wide, thickness 11/4 inch.
I27450(c)Solid tire, over 9 inches wide, thickness 11/2 inches.
I27452Solid tire, even thickness without flat spots, securely attached.
I27453Dual solid tires, diameters not to exceed 1/8 inch variance.
I27454Projection on tires, metal studs, cleats or flanges prohibited. (Snow studs O.K. first day of November through last day of April.)
I27455(a)Selling unauthorized inner tube for use in a radial tire.
I27455(b)Installing unauthorized inner tube for use in a radial tire.
I27459Tire chains or snow-tread tires required when signposted; exceptions.
I27459.5(a)Selling, leasing, installing or replacing unauthorized tire chains.
I274604-wheel drive with snow tires in lieu of chains, operated under adverse roadway conditions or when posted to require chains.
I27460.5Regrooved tire, selling passenger type tire or vehicle so equipped.
I27461Regrooved tire, operating or permitting use on highway, except on commercial vehicle.
I27465(a)Dealers, selling, installing tires with less than 1/32 inch tread.
I27465(b)Use of tire in chain control area with less than 6/32 inch tread. Use of ties on motor vehicles specified in 34500 with less than 4/32 or 2/32 inch of tread.
I27501(a)Dealers, retail sellers prohibited from selling, installing tire not conforming with CHP regulations.
I27501(b)No person shall use tire not in conformance with CHP regulations.
I27502Dealers, retail sellers prohibited from selling, installing tire not in compliance with CHP tire noise regulations.
I27600Mudguards required on vehicles subject to registration over 1500 lbs.
I27602(a)Operation of motor vehicle containing unauthorized video screen or TV monitor within view of driver.
I27603Former school bus, not repainted a different color, except 90 day transfer.
I27604Resale of police vehicles, removal of marking required.
I27605Operation of a vehicle painted in the same manner as a police vehicle described in Section 40800 prohibited.
I27606(a)Light bar or facsimile, owning or operating vehicle to resemble law enforcement vehicle.
I27700(a)Tow trucks; carry broom, shovel, and fire extinguisher.
I27800Motorcycle or motorized bicycle passenger, not provided with seat and footrests. Passenger not using footrests.
I27801(a)Motorcycle seat, operator unable to reach ground with feet.
I27801(b)Motorcycle handlebars, grips at or above shoulder height.
I27802(b)Sale of motorcycle safety helmets not meeting federal requirements prohibited.
I27803(a)Driver and passenger, wear approved helmet when riding on a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or motorized bicycle.
I27803(b)Unlawful to operate a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or motorized bicycle if driver or passenger is not wearing a safety helmet.
I27803(c)Unlawful to ride as a passenger on a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or motorized bicycle if driver or any passenger is not wearing a safety helmet.
I27900(a)For hire vehicles, or 3-axle truck or tractor, or tractor-semi combination, not displaying identifying name on both sides.
I27900(b)Identifying names, change within 60 days of changing ownership.
I27901For hire vehicles, name or trade mark not readily legible.
I27903Hazardous cargo, not displaying signs in accordance with Health and Safety Code.
I27904Pilot cars, must display company name on both sides of the car.
I27904.5Pilot cars, shall display signs containing the word "oversize" or acceptable substitute, as required by permit.
I27905Fire or Fire Department signs, on other than authorized vehicle.
I27906(a)Schoolbus shall bear word "schoolbus" in letters 8 inches high or greater on front and rear.
I27906(c)Schoolbus, shall bear on rear below window sign with words "Stop When Red Lights Flash" 6 inches high or greater.
I27906.5Youth bus, transporting school pupils, signed front and rear with "youth bus," eight inches in height.
I27907Tow trucks, not displaying identifying information on both sides.
I27908(a)Operating taxicab without proper display of interior sign and information.
I27909Vehicle using liquefied petroleum gas: shall display letters “CNG, LNG, or LPG,” one inch high near tank. Unlawful to dispense LPG into tank not marked.
I28000Refrigerator van, emergency exit required.
M28050Odometer alteration device, sell, offer for sale, install or use.
M28050.5Odometer defective, operation with fraudulent intent.
M28051Odometer, disconnected, advanced or turned back.
M28051.5Odometer, advertising for sale device designed to reset odometer.
I28053(b)Odometer repair, failure to adjust or affix notice.
I28053(c)Odometer notice affixed, remove or alter with intent to defraud.
I28060(a)Sale of recreational vehicle with cooking equipment without fire extinguisher.
I28060(b)Operator of a recreational vehicle or vehicle with camper shall carry and maintain fire extinguisher.
I28071Passenger vehicles required to be equipped with bumpers, exception.
I28080(a)Camper required to have passenger signaling device.
I28080(b)Driving a vehicle with a camper which does not have a visual or audible signalling device.
I28085(c)Vehicle theft alarm emitting sound of siren.
I28090Cellular telephone, failure of motor vehicle renter to provide written instructions.
I28100Pilot car, display at least one flag (as specified) on each side of the vehicle. Remove when not operating as a pilot car.
I28101(a)Pilot car, less than 60 inches in width.
I28101(b)Pilot car, equipped as specified.
I28103Pilot cars, failure to comply with provisions or equipment requirements.
I28111Any 1993 or later model-year vehicle which is capable of operating on methanol or ethanol shall be equipped with an antisiphoning device.
I28150(a)Vehicle equipped with radar jamming device.
I28150(b)Possession of radar jamming device.
M28150(d)Possession of four or more radar jamming devices.