DMV-Hidden

Web Content Viewer

Actions
Loading...
DMV-Hidden

Motorcycle Handbook Two Wheel Vehicle Operation

Actions
Loading...

Motorcycle Handbook Two Wheel Vehicle Operation

The basic rules of the road contained in the California Vehicle Code apply to all two-wheel vehicles including, but not limited to, motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, mopeds, or motorized bicycles. Minibikes, tote-goats, trail bikes, and similar vehicles may fall within the definition of motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, or motorized bicycle. If any of these vehicles are operated on a highway, they must meet applicable equipment, registration, financial responsibility, licensing, and operational requirements, if appropriate.

It is illegal to ride a motor-driven cycle, moped, motorized bicycle, or electric bicycle on a freeway or expressway if signs are posted to prohibit operation. Additionally, it is illegal to ride a moped, motorized bicycle, or a Class 3 electric bicycle on a bicycle path or trail, equestrian (horse) trail, hiking trail, or recreational trail unless that path or trail is on or next to a road, or permission to use the trail or roadway is granted by local law.


Motorcycles

A motorcycle is a motor vehicle with a seat or saddle for the rider and is designed to travel on not more than three wheels.


Motor-Driven Cycles

A motor-driven cycle is a motorcycle with less than a 150 cc motor size.

NOTE: You may not operate a motor-driven cycle on a freeway or expressway if signs are posted to prohibit motor-driven cycle operation.


Motorized Bicycles Or Moped

A motorized bicycle or moped is a two or three-wheeled device, capable of no more than 30 miles per hour (mph) on level ground, and equipped with:

  • Fully operative pedals for human propulsion.
  • A motor producing less than four gross brake horsepower and an automatic transmission.
  • No pedals if powered solely by electrical energy (CVC §406(a)).
  • Motorized bicycles may ride in a bicycle lane if authorized by local authority or ordinance.

Electric Bicycles

An electric bicycle is a bicycle equipped with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts. Three classes of electric bicycles have been established:

  • Class 1: A low speed pedal-assisted electric bicycle equipped with a motor which provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and ceases to provide assistance when a speed of 20 mph is reached.
  • Class 2: A low speed throttle-assisted electric bicycle equipped with a motor used exclusively to propel the bicycle and NOT capable of providing assistance when a speed of 20 mph is reached.
  • Class 3: A low speed pedal-assisted electric bicycle equipped with a speedometer, and a motor which provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and ceases to provide assistance when a speed of 28 mph is reached.

    The operator of a Class 3 electric bicycle:

Must be 16 years old or older.
Must wear a bicycle safety helmet.
Must not transport passengers.
May ride an electric bicycle in a bicycle lane if authorized by local authority or ordinance.

All electric bicycle classes are exempt from the motor vehicle financial responsibility, DL, and license plate requirements (CVC §24016).


Motorized Scooter

A motorized scooter is defined as any two-wheeled "device" with:

  • A motor, handlebars, and a floorboard for standing on when riding, and
  • The options of having:

    —A driver seat which cannot interfere with the operator's ability to stand and ride.
    —The ability to be powered by human propulsion.

NOTE: A motorized scooter may be driven with any class DL. A motorized scooter may not be used to take a skills test.

A motorized scooter's exhaust system must not be modified or altered.

 

Introduction | Table of Contents | License Requirements

 
Complementary Content